City of La Quinta:
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a professional basketball league in North America. The league is composed of teams ( in the United States and in Canada) and is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. It is the premier men’s professional basketball league in the world.
The league was founded in New York City on , as the Basketball Association of America (BAA).[ ] It changed its name to the National Basketball Association on August , , after merging with the competing National Basketball League (NBL).[ ] The NBA’s regular season runs from October to April, with each team playing games. The league’s playoff tournament extends into June. As of , NBA players are the world’s best paid athletes by average annual salary per player.[ ][ ][ ]
The NBA is an active member of USA Basketball (USAB),[ ] which is recognized by the FIBA (International Basketball Federation) as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The league’s several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices in Midtown Manhattan, while its NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, New Jersey.
The Basketball Association of America was founded in by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada. On November , , in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history.[ ] The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play primarily in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not significantly better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league’s title, and the NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the BAA title. Prior to the – season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, Minneapolis, and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.[ ]
On August , , the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Anderson, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan, Denver, and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association, even though the merged league retained the BAA’s governing body, including Maurice Podoloff as president.[ ] To this day, the NBA claims the BAA’s history as its own. It now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, and does not recognize NBL records and statistics.
The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities,[ ] as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In , the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until – , when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, and Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today. The process of contraction saw the league’s smaller-city franchises move to larger cities. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in , and then to St. Louis in . The Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in and the Pistons moved from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in